The Economic Story of American Hospitals: Invention of Elective Hospitalization & its role as the Economic Engine of the American Hospital System

by faithgibson on April 22, 2015

The following 5 sections are still draft version.

Historical background material and critical information on Dr. J. Whitridge Williams’ “plan” was taken from the Drs. Williams’ 1914 book “Twilight Sleep: Simple Discoveries in Painless Childbirth”.


Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Intro ~ chapter 3

Chapter 3

Chapter 4